Coronavirus Live Updates: F.D.A. Issues Emergency Approval for Virus Drug as More States Reopen


    At least 10 states eased restrictions. A nuclear power plant in Georgia confirmed an outbreak involving dozens of workers.

    The White House is preventing Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the government’s top expert on infectious diseases, from testifying before the House next week.

    In Houston, the gleaming Galleria Mall was open again, but not all of its stores, and the ample close-in parking suggested some customers were wary of returning. In Mobile, Ala., a venerable boutique decided to reopen with one dressing room, so it could be disinfected between uses. And in Galveston, Texas, beachgoers returned to the shore.

    The sweeping orders that kept roughly nine out of 10 Americans at home in recent weeks gave way on Friday to a patchwork of state and local measures allowing millions of people to return to restaurants, movie theaters and malls for the first time in a month or more.

    Iowa loosened restrictions in some counties, but not others. In Davenport, which is still under restrictions, Glory Smith, 41, questioned that logic, since the virus does not respect county boundaries.

    “It is like having a smoking section on a plane or in a restaurant,” she said. “It doesn’t work.”

    But as more states, like Texas, began to reopen on Friday, the governors of California, Illinois, Louisiana and Michigan contended with challenges to their authority to shutter at least some parts of public life.

    And as some customers stayed away, several large companies faced protests from employees concerned about their safety. Amazon and Target were the focus of renewed labor protests over the health risks of working during a pandemic.

    Michigan has been one of the most aggressive states when it comes to taking steps to combat the coronavirus.

    Bans on all gatherings outside a single household, travel to in-state vacation homes, and the use of motorboats —

    Michigan’s restrictions on its citizens movements have been at the center of a national debate about public health versus economic survival.

    Protests in Michigan are growing because the governor, Democrat Gretchen Whitmer, has told us citizens they can’t leave the city and stay in their summer homes.

    Don’t buy paint, don’t buy roses, don’t buy — I mean, she’s got all these crazy things.

    Today: A conversation with the governor who ordered those restrictions and a demonstrator who is protesting them.

    So I just want to start by asking you to introduce yourself. Your name and where you’re talking to us from.

    My name is Phillip Campbell and I’m coming to you from Jackson County, Michigan, which is about an hour west of Detroit and about an hour away from the capital of Lansing.

    I’ve been here in this particular location for five years, but I’m a born and raised Michigander my whole life.

    Yeah, 39. I’m turning 40 in June. I had a massive party planned. I was inviting everyone I know and now I just don’t know what’s happening with that, so.

    I have five acres and I was going to rent Port-a-Johns. And we were going to camp. And it was going to be a multi-day bash, you know?

    I’m the vice president of a pest and wildlife control company. We are the ones you call if you wake up at 1:00 a.m. and there’s a bat flying around your kid’s bedroom, and you need somebody to go get it. We will climb on your roof and pull down the hornet’s nest. We will take care of the mice in your basement. We’ll do this sort of work.

    We have about 30 employees. I’ve been with the company for about 10 years now. I think I’m one of the most senior employees there. We started when we were in the basement of the owner’s house. And now we have a very large industrial building with a depot and a shop. So it’s been cool to see that grow over the years.

    I mean, I think we’re on the threshold of breaking through to the next level of growth. We’re grossing about $3 million a year.

    Just this year we’re able to for the first time provide health benefits for our employees. So we’ve been working towards that for a long time, trying to get to where we have the sort of revenue and the growth that we could take on those costs, which are not insignificant, you know? We like to think that we’re one of the companies or industries that can still offer regular old Joes without a college education a very decent middle class livelihood with insurance benefits, things like that.

    The majority of technicians are what I would just call blue-collar people, you know? They like to hunt, they fish. They go out on the lake on the weekends and drink beer on their pontoons and listen to music. And just regular old folks, you know?

    I mean, many of the people in our company, they provide for their families. You know, they’re the breadwinner. You know, a new technician like starting might make 35.

    And then a technician who’s been with us for a while and knows what he’s doing, he can make in the high 50s or 60s. So with the 30 employees we have, we feed about 100 mouths, with their children and families. So we feel responsible for about 100 people’s well-being.

    And what did the first Michigan lockdown, the one ordered by Governor Whitmer — what did it mean for your pest control business?

    Her order did not exempt us. The text of the order itself, it did not make an exemption for wildlife control, pest control. And we were preparing to shut down. And then I noticed that it said for its definition of essential services, for further clarification, see this document by the Department of Homeland Security. And we found that we were allowed to stay open.

    But very quickly after that we had to furlough a couple people after that, because even though we were allowed to stay open, our customer base, many of them aren’t working. So if your customers aren’t working, they’re not spending money. And it doesn’t really matter if you’re open if all the people you serve aren’t working, you know what I mean?

    Right. I don’t want to pry too much, but if you were bringing in — I think you said almost $3 million a year in revenue — before this, what did it start to look like once the lockdown was in place and the calls from customers began to taper off?

    And then around this time, the second shutdown order came in, which was the one that everybody started protesting about.

    Yeah, the second shutdown order just ramped down on the first. This was the one that went in and shut particular sections of stores that were still open. So like it said, you can’t buy paint products, you can’t buy gardening products. Because what was happening is people thinking, OK, I got to stay home, I might as well work on my house, you know? So a lot of those people were going to Home Depot, were going to whatever to get their supplies. And then the governor said, no, you can’t get that stuff.

    So this was the order that said you can’t go out on a lake by yourself in your boat in your private lake, if the boat has a motor. But if it doesn’t have a motor, you can go. Things that seemed a lot more arbitrary. The one that said you can’t have someone come mow your lawn, even though they pull up in a truck, they drive the lawnmower off, they don’t touch you, they don’t go into your house. It’s just one guy mowing your lawn. You know, things that people started thinking, like, the economy’s already in freefall, is it really necessary to go this far with it?

    From my own experience, if the economy takes a dump and we can’t get back to where we were, we have to cut their health insurance or we’re going to have to lay people off. We’re going to take other measures to stay afloat. I don’t know what we’re going to have to do. I don’t want to hypothesize. I don’t want my employees to listen to this and be like, what did you say is going to happen? I don’t know, we’re going to have do something. We can’t just suddenly take a 30 percent to 50 percent decline. That’s huge. What if you got a 50 percent pay cut? It would affect your life.

    And so I’m thinking about the ripple effect. We take a 30 percent to 50 percent drop. Our employees take a dip. Maybe they can’t afford to pay their debts. Maybe they can’t afford to pay their own mortgages or whatever. I don’t know. I haven’t assessed the financial situation of each of my employees.

    But I guess what I am frustrated about — and I don’t want to minimize the risk of Covid-19 or the people who’ve had it — but as someone who’s worked for 10 years in this business trying to build it up, get it to where it is, I’m frustrated with the attitude of some people that we can just shut it off for a while, and then just turn it back on when everything’s safe, and just pick up where we left off. Like, no, that’s not how business works. That’s certainly not how small business works. If you take a big enough hit, it’s hard to recover from it, you know?

    So I’m curious when you first hear about the possibility of a public demonstration, a protest, in Michigan of these lockdown rules?

    I saw an event on social media, I think, or I saw people talking about it — like, hey, let’s go down to Lansing and protest. So the owner and I — work’s been slow, so we said, hey, we got time. Let’s drive down to Lansing on Thursday. The way I understood it, we were going to drive by the capitol and honk our horn, basically.

    The honked horn was going to mean like, we are workers, and we want the freedom for people to be able to work. Please consider opening things back up a little more. The capitol in Lansing, it’s on a loop, so you drive around in like a circle around the capitol. So I thought that all the traffic would come in, we’d kind of loop around and we’d honk, and then we’d go back home, you know? But they were anticipating a certain amount of people — I think 10 times more than they anticipated showed up. So it took us two hours to get to Lansing. We got in Lansing, and then we were just — Michael, it was a traffic jam. That’s what it was. It was just a big traf — it was like an organized traffic jam.

    But what did it feel like to be in that traffic jam? Because it’s a particular kind of traffic jam with like-minded people there to protest something.

    It was really neat. It was nice to not feel so alone, because I was really sick of people on social media telling me I’m selfish because I don’t want the company I helped build for 10 years to just collapse.

    Oh, just people on social media, my friends. People in my broader circle. You know, not people I’m necessarily close to, but I’d say I lost some friends over this, honestly. When the governor shut the economy down, I said this is going to be very hard on businesses and this is going to be very hard on us. And a lot of people’s response seemed to be like, what, do you want people to die or something, you know? And it kind of degenerated into, like, either you want people to die or you hate my business and stuff like that. And I was really glad, because I was starting to feel kind of isolated, to see a solidarity of so many other Michiganders who were similarly frustrated at the situation. Afterwards, when I got home, I saw there was a lot of people with a lot of Trump stuff, and I was kind of thinking, like, no, this isn’t political. Don’t make it into a political thing because this isn’t about the governor happens to be a Democrat or a woman or something. Because I would have gone down there if it was a Republican, you know? It wasn’t about her party affiliation. So I was frustrated —

    What did you make of the flavor of the protest? It seems like you didn’t see this yourself in your car, but as you’ve hinted, there were strong strains of libertarianism and conservatism, and pro-Trump posters, as well as people with guns, as well as some, you know, some more vulgar and extreme sentiments. Some people compared Governor Whitmer to Hitler.

    Oh, like Governor Whitler? [LAUGHS] Oh, I don’t know, I think that’s just juvenile. I mean, I think it’s pretty juvenile in public discourse when the only thing you go to is compare your opponent to Hitler. I wish it wouldn’t have been so much anti-Whitmer, because this isn’t about like Governor Whitmer, the person, you know? I wish that it would have been more on point and focused about “let me work,” you know?

    I wonder where you fall in the political spectrum. Did you vote for Trump? Did you vote for Whitmer? And how did your political views apply to this event?

    My political views didn’t apply to this event really at all. You know, like, I would’ve been there if this was a Republican. I did vote for Trump. I don’t particularly think he’s doing that great of a job. So I’m not a gung-ho Trump supporter. I didn’t vote for Whitmer, but I didn’t like the guy running against her, either. So.

    No, no, not at all. Not at all. The little match between President Trump and Governor Whitmer is making it more political. When Trump tweets, “Liberate Michigan,” when he refers to her as that woman from Michigan, obviously, that sets Governor Whitmer up as a foil against President Trump, which politicizes it. When rumors start coming out that Biden wants to consider her as V.P. material, that politicizes it. I really liked when I was there that it simply seemed like a spontaneous expression of working class frustration.

    Phil, I want to tick through what your governor said when she began this process of locking down the state and basically enforcing social distancing. And here’s what she said: “The only tool we have to fight the virus at this moment and to support our health care system is to give them the opportunity by buying some time.”

    And she went on to say, “Without aggressive measures, more people will get sick, more people will die, and our economy will suffer longer.” And in her telling, the disease spreads if people are out there. If people aren’t out there, the disease doesn’t spread. So she is making the case in the beginning that these sacrifices are required to prevent a system overload. What do you think of that?

    Well, we were willing to go along with that, because we were all expecting this huge crunch on all our hospitals. We were worried about not enough beds, not enough ventilators. But the fact is the curve is flattened now. We now have hospitals, they’re not overwhelmed anymore. So what we’re saying is that was all well and good, but now, we can start to open up again because we flattened the curve. Even if infections go back up at this point, as I grant they could if we start being more economically active, it seems highly unlikely, given all the empty hospitals, that were going to get to another crush where we don’t have enough beds or something like that.

    So I want to make sure I understand what you’re saying when you talk about where things are in Michigan. The Times has maps about where the virus is in each state. And just pulling this up, Michigan has about 38,000 infections, and there’s been about 3,300 deaths.

    So when you talk about your frustrations with the different phases of this lockdown, how do you square it with those numbers?

    Well, I square it because my understanding is that the lockdown wasn’t supposed to be like, we’re going to lockdown until this goes away. What we were told was that this lockdown was to distribute those amount of cases over a longer period of time, so that the health system doesn’t get overwhelmed. So I look at the total number of deaths and infections and say, OK, this thing is here to stay whether we like it or not. The hospitals do have the ability to take people in. So it seems like to me that the goal has been met. The goal is not to —

    It sounds like you’re saying that if we assume that the measures taken so far have flattened the curve to some degree in Michigan, that you’re willing to accept the risks of restarting the economy, even if that means that the curve might go up a little bit. That you think that so far the measures taken have done enough to merit that kind of experimentation with, essentially, taking the risk of reopening.

    I think so. And again, I’m not saying just a full, like — the economy isn’t a switch, you just turn it on, everybody comes back out, you know? But I think people who want to work and can work in a way that is maintaining safe protocols, I think they should be able to. Because the thing is, what I would like people to understand is that it’s not like either we stay home and stay safe, or we all get the coronavirus and die. It’s like staying home and nobody working has its own inherent risks and dangers and devastation that’s going to come. When I talk about the economy, I’m not saying I’m worried about the stock market or the financial sector. I’m talking about the ability of the average person to provide sustenance for himself and one’s family. So we could have negative outcomes because of the shutdown, not because of Covid — negative outcomes that dwarf Covid.

    Mm-hm. So we’re now talking on Monday, April 27. And that protest was about two weeks ago.

    And I’m curious if you think that protest, which was one of the very first protests, had any kind of impact?

    Yeah, I think it did. I mean, this is just me kind of blue skying this, but I think it let her see that she only had a limited amount of political capital that she could keep carrying this out indefinitely. She started to say, we’ll let lawn service in again, we’ll let various things start.

    Yeah. She rolled back some of the more problematic restrictions and she started talking about an end game, you know? So in that respect, I think it was helpful. I think it got the message across.

    We plan to talk to Governor Whitmer and I wonder what you most want to communicate to her about what you think she may not understand, what she might not be getting in this moment?

    Well, first, I would say to her, Americans are responsible people. We’re creative people. Tell us what social distancing guidelines you think we should be maintaining when we’re out there, and let us find a way to do it. If you think we need to be six or seven feet apart, if you think we shouldn’t have more than six people in a room, give us a safe paradigm of personal behavior and let us work within it. Don’t lock us down and say that we can’t provide for ourselves. That’s the most basic human right — is to provide for your own well-being. Just let us find some way to work.

    [LAUGHS] So governor, over the past few weeks, it feels like a lot of people have learned your name. But I sense a lot of Americans, a lot of our listeners don’t know all that much about you, and how it is you became the governor of Michigan. So in brief, what is that story?

    You know, I’m a lifelong Michigander. I’ve lived here my whole life. I was brought up in a household with a father who was kind of a Republican, a mother who was kind of a Democrat. I decided to run for governor after spending some time practicing law and teaching, and I did a stint as a prosecutor in my hometown. But I think that part of my nature is when I see a problem, and I don’t see the right people there to fix it, I just kind of want to jump in and do it. The tagline of the campaign was “fix the damn roads.” And it wasn’t because it was poll-tested. It’s how everyone in the state talks about their frustration with infrastructure that hasn’t been attended to properly for a long period of time. And it is the most visceral daily reminder of government that’s not getting the fundamentals right.

    That was kind of the call to action. And I won by almost 10 points after Donald Trump had won my state by less than 11,000 votes just two years before, I think, because we really were trying to rally around getting the fundamentals right.

    Right. So it’s fair to say that you did not run in that race for governor as somebody who would become a polarizing and partisan figure in a national debate over the future of the American economy.

    Correct. [LAUGHS] To the contrary, I went out of my way to not go down that path. And so to be right here in this moment, in the midst of a global pandemic, to be trying to pull people together — where things have gotten so polarized in ways that I think many people would say they couldn’t have ever predicted, if they were being honest — is kind of surreal.

    So let’s talk about how that happened, how you have gotten to this point where there’s so much polarization over your decision-making. As the pandemic unfolds, soon enough, you begin imposing restrictions on the movement of Michigan residents and what feels like a pretty standard version of a lockdown.

    But then at a certain point, you introduce a second wave of restrictions that are a little bit different, right? Banning travel to second homes, banning motor-boating, limiting what kind of non-essential goods stores can sell. And governor, what was your thinking there with that second wave of restrictions?

    We also know that we have an incredibly high death count compared to our population — 10th largest population, but the third highest number of positive cases and number of deaths. We also know that Covid-19 doesn’t recognize boundaries of a county. That this is a disease that is highly communicable. There are studies that will tell you Covid-19 can stay active and communicable for 72 hours on a stainless steel surface. And so as the weather starts to warm up here in Michigan, we know people want to head north and go to the lake.

    One of the lakes — we got lots of beautiful freshwater lakes. And the more people that are on the road, the more likely Covid-19 will be spread at a gas station. I often would invoke the visual of that gas pump. So you think about all the nurses and doctors and people that have to touch that gas pump because they’re going out to get groceries, or they’re going out to pick up medication. The more people that are on the road, the more likely Covid-19 spreads to other parts of the state, too. And that’s why these restrictions made sense.

    So your thinking was, let’s shut down anything that might contribute to the spread, and let’s make sure that people in the most populous parts of Michigan don’t end up basically exporting it to less populous parts of the state, where outdoor activities are concentrated. And let’s do this even if it might seem a little bit extreme.

    Let’s shut down what’s not life-sustaining activity. That was the thought process of why we went more aggressive than some other states.

    Governor, the protests that broke out in your state, I’m sure you were aware of them because you’re in Lansing. Protesters very much by design came to you. Did you sympathize at all with the protesters, who said that they found these restrictions to be too onerous, to be unfair, to be — in their minds — undemocratic?

    I’ll say this. I respect people’s right to disagree with me. I do. And I will defend anyone’s right to say what they want to say. Their ability and right to do that is absolutely something that I have a great deal of respect for.

    The fact of the matter is, congregation is the biggest threat to containing Covid-19. Because when people come from all different parts of the state, congregate, don’t observe C.D.C. best practices, and then go back to all parts of the state, that’s precisely what we’re hoping to avoid in terms of continuous transmission and growth in other parts of Michigan.

    But when you look at these protests, there were a variety of different political groups that came together. It had a rally feel to it. It was right outside the office. I saw, I watched a bit of it. People were open carrying automatic rifles. There were demonstrations, anti-choice demonstrations. They’re displaying Confederate flags and Nazi symbolism, and I think very partisan rhetoric. Was more about a political statement rather than a statement of the sacrifices that I’ve asked people to make.

    Well, yesterday, Governor, I spoke with a man who was at that protest. He stayed in his car. His name was Phil Campbell. He manages a kind of moderate-sized business that he says is suffering right now under these restrictions. And he said that he didn’t arrive as a partisan. That he would have gone to Lansing and protested whether you were a Democrat or a Republican. And in his mind, the shutdown is creating its own health and safety costs, right? He says his employees may soon lose their health insurance because business is suffering so much they can’t afford to provide it much longer. I mean, what do you say to someone like that — who says this is not about politics, this is not about you being a Democrat, this is not about the Tea Party? This is about a view that this is just not right?

    The reality is, unrestrained activity would have made what was a hard time a catastrophe that would have taken a lot longer to start to re-engage from.

    What our modeling told us, we would have 220,000 people who would need to be hospitalized this week. We have 3,000 people who are hospitalized. It’s worked. And the vast majority of people are doing their part and doing the right thing. It hasn’t been easy, but they’ve stepped up to do it. And we’ve saved lives in the process.

    This gentleman I spoke with, Phil, the protester, his ultimate message — and it was directed very much at you as governor — is, trust us. Let us start to go back to work not like a band-aid being ripped off, but gradually. And trust us to be able to work and follow social distancing guidelines. And I think his question to you would be, do you trust Michiganders to do that?

    I am so inspired by what the people of this state have done in this crisis. They’ve stepped up. They’ve made sacrifices. I have incredible faith and confidence in the people of the state. But we have a duty to make sure that we get this right.

    And it’s got to be guided by the best medical experts as well as business leaders. And that’s what we’re working to do. I have a council of business leaders and medical leaders who are helping us determine how do we start to re-engage our economy in a way that avoids a second wave. Because whether Phil and I agree on how quickly that should be done or not, I think we can both agree — I hope so — that none of us ever wants to do this again. You know, in states that are moving, some would say too fast, one of the issues that small business is confronting is that the public is not confident that it’s safe to re-engage. And so they’ve lifted the protections for small business while you’re in a crisis. And yet, the public’s not coming out to patronize. And that could be even worse for small business. So what we want to do is get it right. And that means working with the business community and public health. And turning up the dial together so we don’t have to turn it back.

    Well, let’s talk about how it is that you get it right when it comes to reopening and how you’re thinking about that. I mean, is there a data set you’re looking at? Is there a set of measurements you’re monitoring? And I’m curious — and I’m sure lots of people Michigan are, too — what’s the thing or things that trigger the reopening?

    So we’ve started to reengage. We are looking, of course, at rolling averages on hospitalizations. We are looking at our ability to ramp up testing. We need to build out when it comes to tracing, so that if someone does test positive for Covid-19, that we’re able to trace all their contacts and keep it from spreading. I would also add that we in Michigan are assessing different sectors of our economy for risk, asking questions like, is the work done in a region of our state that’s been devastated by Covid-19, or a region that has been untouched by Covid-19?

    Does the type of work require that multiple people use the same instruments or machinery? Is the work done indoors or outdoors? That makes a difference.

    Mm-hm. Right, one of the examples that I think Phil gave was around this idea of, is there a work that can be done — that just feels fundamentally safer by nature — that those might come back soon?

    And I think that’s interesting, because what I want to make sure we do is go with data, and make sure that as we are reengaging, we’re continually measuring. I know Phil doesn’t want to be back in a stay home order in August and neither do I.

    And so I want to get this right for him, for his employees — lawnscaping, lawn care, that is already permitted. That was in our first wave that I announced on Friday. In this next one, we could have construction — that is often in big spaces outdoors with P.P.E. and the protocols necessary. That could be a lower risk one that we can mitigate the risk further through protocols around face masks, or separators between workers who can’t be six feet apart but can have plexiglass separators, for instance. And so all of these are pieces to starting to turn the dial up and what it looks like in waves.

    You know, we started by talking to you about the fact that when you first ran for governor, it was as somebody literally talking about fixing the roads and fixing infrastructure in Michigan. And through these actions that you’ve taken in response to the pandemic, you have become a national figure, a national Democratic figure, right? You’re, whether you wanted to or not, sparring with the president. And whether it’s fairly or unfairly, you’re now seen through a partisan lens, as a partisan figure. Are you comfortable now in that role?

    No! [LAUGHS] I’m not. I mean, you know, I was thrown into the national spotlight being criticized or attacked by the President of the United States. I didn’t ask for that. I did not like it. I didn’t sleep —

    — frankly, because I was worried that this would preclude my ability to get the help that I need for Michigan.

    Hm. You fear that you might actually suffer some kind of retribution that might make it harder to get through this pandemic?

    Yeah. And I think that that was a legitimate fear with some of the statements that have been made.

    Yeah. That if you’re not nice, you might not get the help you need. And so I’ve bent over backwards to try to smooth that over, not throwing a punch back. I would hate for anyone in Michigan to not have the help they need because I’m not popular with the president for some reason.

    Do you worry that with the divided state of this country, some of your constituents will come away from this pandemic seeing your actions as partisan no matter what happens and no matter what your intentions?

    I think that’s the unfortunate reality that we live with. I do think, though, that when we have gotten through this when we look back on it, that we’re going to be comfortable in the fact that the decisions that were made save lives.

    The hard thing about public health is when you do it well, you never know how many lives would have been lost otherwise.

    But we can see it when you look at the curves where we were headed, and where we are today, that there’s no question lives were saved. There’s no question that these actions made a difference. And that’s what centered everything that we’ve done.

    Not the partisan stuff, not the fear of that, but the determination to do everything in our power to save lives and to keep our health care system working so that it’s there when we all need it.

    Well, Governor Whitmer, I want to thank you very much for your time. And I hope you’re getting a little more sleep now.

    Here’s what else you need to know today. On Tuesday, the number of confirmed cases of the coronavirus in the United States reached 1 million, meaning that roughly one in every 330 Americans has tested positive for the virus. But The Times reports that the actual number of infections is even higher since thousands of Americans have never been tested because of a shortage of testing supplies. And —

    We had intended to come back next week. It has been previously scheduled. But once the Capitol physician told us that it was not a proper for us to do that in the interest of not only members and staff, but the custodians, the people who maintain the Capitol, the press who cover us, the staff of the actual legislative chamber, there was no choice for us but to say we will put this off.

    The House of Representatives has canceled plans to call lawmakers back into session after members complained that returning to Washington would pose an unnecessary health risk and set a bad example for the country. The Senate, however, is expected to reconvene in Washington on Monday.

    In New York, jets from the Air Force Thunderbirds and the Navy Blue Angels flew over the city on Tuesday in a tribute to medical workers and first responders involved in fighting the pandemic.

    The Jets soared over the East River as well as the Hudson and were cheered on by New Yorkers, who ventured outside to observe them flying over.

    President Trump has voiced support for protests against restrictions, even as federal guidance urged Americans to avoid large gatherings to help stem the spread of the virus. The Justice Department has signaled that it might endorse court challenges pushing back against some rules.

    In addition to Texas, reopenings of certain businesses or public spaces were expected on Friday in Alabama, Idaho, Iowa, Maine, North Dakota, Utah and Wyoming. In Colorado and Oklahoma, which had already made moves to reopen, Friday was an expansion, with new businesses set to reopen. And in Tennessee, a stay-at-home order expired at 11:59 p.m. on Thursday.

    Outdoor dining will soon return to South Carolina’s restaurants: Gov. Henry McMaster announced Friday that he would ease more restrictions beginning Monday, when restaurants, which have been limited to takeout and delivery, will be allowed to serve diners outdoors.

    By next week, nearly half the states will have made moves toward reopening their economies. In some states, reopenings have happened even as virus cases were still increasing or remaining steady, raising concerns among public health experts about a surge in new infections that might not be detectable for up to two weeks.

    And as some states and localities eased restrictions, others extended them. Gov. Jay Inslee of Washington said Friday that he was extending the state’s stay-at-home order until at least the end of May.

    “I would like to tell you that you can make reservations on June 1, but I cannot,” he said.

    In New Mexico, Gov. Michelle Lujan Grisham authorized a lockdown of the town of Gallup on Friday in an effort to curtail a surge in virus deaths that has the state’s tribal nations on edge.

    The Navajo Nation has been grappling with a severe outbreak: As of Thursday, the tribal nation had reported a total of 2,141 cases and 71 confirmed deaths. The Navajo Nation’s president, Jonathan Nez, said he fully supported the lockdown order. “We have many members of the Navajo Nation that reside in Gallup and many that travel in the area, and their health and safety is always our top priority,” Mr. Nez said.

    Some cities and states are seeing increasing cases of the virus like Massachusetts; Worthington, Minn., a city in the southwest corner of the state; and Green Bay, Wis., which were singled out in a recent federal government briefing obtained by The Times. The briefing also noted that federal officials are monitoring North Carolina, where cases have increased and stay-at-home orders are set to expire on May 8.

    A detailed county map shows the extent of the coronavirus outbreak, with tables of the number of cases by county.

    The Food and Drug Administration on Friday issued an emergency approval for the antiviral drug remdesivir as a treatment for patients with Covid-19, the illness caused by the virus.

    The approval, formally called an emergency use authorization, had been expected following modestly encouraging results from a federal trial, announced on Wednesday.

    The trial found that patients receiving remdesivir recovered more quickly: in 11 days, versus 15 in a group receiving a placebo. But the drug, made by Gilead Sciences, did not significantly reduce fatality rates.

    Speaking to reporters on Friday, the president announced the F.D.A. approval and called it “an important treatment for hospitalized coronavirus patients.”

    The president said that he was “pleased” that Gilead had received its emergency authorization. “And you know what, that is because that’s been the hot thing in the papers and in the media for the last little while — an important treatment for hospitalized coronavirus patients,” he said.

    Dr. Deborah L. Birx, the coordinator of the virus task force, said that the F.D.A. approval of remdesivir “really illustrates what can happen in such a short time” noting how fast the approval followed the first known cases in the United States.

    Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the federal government’s top expert on infectious diseases, said earlier this week that the results were “a very important proof of concept” but not a “knockout.”

    The White House is preventing Dr. Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, from testifying before the House next week, a spokesman for the House Appropriations Committee said on Friday.

    Top Democrats on the panel had wanted Dr. Fauci to testify as part of an in-person hearing led by Representative Rosa DeLauro, Democrat of Connecticut, who oversees the subcommittee responsible for funding health, labor and education agencies and programs. But when the committee asked for Dr. Fauci to appear, the Trump administration denied the request and the committee was told by an administration official that it was because of the White House, according to Evan Hollander, a spokesman for the House Appropriations Committee.

    A White House spokesman defended the decision as aimed at keeping the administration focused on its response to the virus. “It is counterproductive to have the very individuals involved in those efforts appearing at congressional hearings,” said the spokesman, Judd Deere. “We are committed to working with Congress to offer testimony at the appropriate time.”

    Dr. Fauci, one of the most visible faces of the administration’s fight against the coronavirus, has often quietly contradicted many of Mr. Trump’s statements on how the administration is handling the outbreak and how quickly the country will be able to recover.

    But the White House has directed government health officials and scientists to coordinate all statements and public appearances with Vice President Mike Pence’s office, in an effort to streamline the administration’s messaging. Dr. Fauci told associates in February that he had been instructed not to say anything else without clearance, but has become a media fixture as the toll of the pandemic has grown.

    Our past actions changed the past trajectory. Our present actions will determine the future trajectory. It is that clear. It is cause and effect. You tell me what we do today, I will tell you the number of people sick tomorrow. We’re going to have the schools remain closed for the rest of the year. We’re going to continue the distance learning programs. Schools have asked about summer school, and whether we’ll have attendance in schools for summer school. That decision will be made by the end of this month. Again, nobody can predict what the situation is going to be three, four weeks from now. So we’re trying to stage decisions at intervals that give us the information, but also enough time for people to make the preparations they need to make.

    Gov. Philip D. Murphy of New Jersey reported another 311 deaths from the virus on Friday. It was a drop from Thursday, when the state reported 460 deaths. State health officials explained on Friday that the number of deaths reported on any given day includes many deaths that can go back weeks and are newly classified as virus-related.

    But it was the second straight day that New Jersey reported more deaths than New York, which has more than twice as many people. On Friday, New York reported that 289 more people had died, the first time the one-day death toll fell below 300 since March 30. New hospitalizations for the virus in New York remained in the mid-900s for the fourth straight day, a sign of a plateau that its governor found troubling.

    Mr. Murphy’s announcement came as New Jersey’s state and county parks are set to reopen on Saturday. So are golf courses, with extensive social distancing rules in place.

    He said New Jersey residents were being “trusted” with a big test this weekend, and he urged people to wear masks and avoid “knucklehead behavior with people ignoring social distancing.”

    In New York, schools across the state will remain shuttered through the end of the school year, its governor said Friday, confirming what other officials had previously said was inevitable. He has said some parts of the state might be able to gradually reopen businesses on May 15, excluding New York City and the surrounding region.

    “Let us in! Let us in! Let us in! Let us in!” “It doesn’t matter what crisis there is. You only have the power that you have. And you can’t take more. And if people are going to die, I’m sorry, you only have as much power as you have.” “Your liberties that have been trampled upon —”

    A day after a boisterous rally that drew hundreds of people, some of them armed, to Michigan’s capitol to protest strict statewide stay-at-home orders, Gov. Gretchen Whitmer lifted some restrictions in the state, agreeing to allow some construction and outdoor work to resume May 7.

    The construction work includes companies that manufacture partitions and cubicles that eventually will allow for people to safely return to offices and other businesses, she said.

    “It’s going to be one step at a time, in increments,” Ms. Whitmer said of her decisions on reopening parts of the state’s economy.

    The governor spoke Friday afternoon at a news conference, which she opened by thanking janitors who cleaned up after Thursday’s rally and security officers who kept order during an event she called “disturbing.” The rally included unmasked protesters who did not adhere to social-distancing rules and who the governor said were wielding assault rifles, confederate flags and swastikas.

    President Trump on Friday urged Ms. Whitmer to “give a little,” writing that the protesters were “very good people, but they are angry.”

    “I know some people are angry and I know many people are feeling restless and are itching to get back to work,” Ms. Whitmer said. “There’s nothing I want more than to just flip the switch and get back to normal, but that’s not how it’s going to work unfortunately.”

    Michigan is one of several states with a Democratic governor and Republican-controlled legislature that is mired in partisan bitterness. Ms. Whitmer on Thursday had signed emergency orders extending some of the most severe stay-at-home orders in the nation after Republican lawmakers had blocked her other attempts to extend stay-at-home orders.

    Asked about Mr. Trump’s tweet, Ms. Whitmer emphasized that the crisis facing the state was not a political crisis that could be negotiated away, but a crisis of public health.

    “We have to listen not to pollsters and not just people with political agendas but to epidemiologists,” she said, adding, “We’re making decisions based on science, not on a tweet.”

    When United States senators converge on Capitol Hill for a new session next week, there will not be enough coronavirus tests for all of them — even though White House officials and staffers are well supplied.

    Dr. Brian P. Monahan, the tight-lipped doctor who attends to Congress, told senior Republican officials on a private conference call on Thursday that his office could not screen all 100 senators for the virus when they return on Monday.

    President Trump and Vice President Mike Pence are tested frequently and have often avoided masks in public. Aides who come into close contact with them are tested weekly, according to officials familiar with the process.

    The stark contrast between the testing haves at the White House and the have-nots on Capitol Hill makes clear that Mr. Trump’s pronouncement that “anybody that wants a test can get a test,” as he said in March, is far from true. Although the rich and powerful are clearly favored, not even all the powerful have equal access.

    Speaker Nancy Pelosi of California had not been tested as of Friday. Representative Kevin McCarthy of California, the top House Republican, has — but at the White House, where he attended an event with the president last week. Senator Chuck Schumer of New York, the Democratic leader, has not been tested. Aides for Senator Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, the majority leader, would not say whether he had been tested.

    This week, after Dr. Monahan warned the House of Representatives that it might be risky to come back on Monday as scheduled, Ms. Pelosi abandoned plans to do so. The House will now return May 11. But Mr. McConnell decided to bring the Senate back into session on Monday.

    Without sufficient diagnostic testing, some senators feared that the Capitol — where senators are surrounded by aides and a vast support staff of food service workers, custodians and other personnel — would become a mini hot spot for the virus.

    More than 150 workers on a construction project at a nuclear power facility in Georgia have tested positive for the coronavirus, and absenteeism has “increased dramatically,” according to documents and a spokesman for Georgia Power, the utility company that is a part owner of the facility.

    The facility, Plant Vogtle, is near Waynesboro, Ga., about 150 miles east of Atlanta, and has been in operation since 1987. It is in the middle of a multibillion-dollar expansion that has been plagued with setbacks, including construction problems, cost overruns and the 2016 bankruptcy of Westinghouse, its lead contractor.

    As of March, the expansion employed more than 9,000 workers, making it the largest construction project in the state, according to North America’s Building Trades Unions, which represents many of the Vogtle workers.

    But after concerns about the spread of the virus mounted in recent weeks, the plant’s owners reduced the work force on the expansion project by 20 percent.

    Of the 171 workers found to have the coronavirus, 90 are “active confirmed positive cases” and 81 are workers who recovered and are “available to return to work,” John Kraft, the spokesman for Georgia Power, said in an email late Thursday. Mr. Kraft said that 439 workers tested negative, and that 48 were awaiting test results.

    The owners learned of the first worker to test positive on April 4, Mr. Kraft said. Around that time, some workers told a local TV station that they were concerned that not enough was being done to protect them from the virus on the work site.

    The smaller work force, Mr. Kraft said, will allow for increased social distancing. The site has banned large group meetings, expanded an on-site medical clinic, and added portable bathrooms and hand-washing stations, among other changes. And testing will continue.

    Last week, Gov. Brian Kemp of Georgia began taking aggressive steps to reopen sectors of the Georgia economy, including hair salons, barber shops and bowling alleys.

    The Trump administration is moving to take a more aggressive stand against China, further fraying ties that have reached their lowest point in decades.

    White House aides prodded President Trump this week to issue an order to block a government pension fund from investing in Chinese companies, officials said — a move that could upend capital flows across the Pacific. Mr. Trump announced that he was restricting the use of electrical equipment in the domestic grid system with links to “a foreign adversary” — an unspoken reference to China.

    The administration is cutting off grants that would help support virology laboratories in Wuhan, China, the city where the coronavirus outbreak began, and is looking into scientific collaborations undertaken there by the University of Texas.

    Senior aides, led by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, have asked intelligence agencies to continue looking for any evidence to support an unsubstantiated theory that the pandemic might be the result of an accidental lab leak, even though agency analysts have said they most likely will not find proof.

    The open rivalry between the two nations has taken on a harder and much darker shading since the virus spread across the globe.

    But some, including members of Mr. Trump’s economic advisory team, warned that the administration must take care not to overreach. China is likely to emerge from the recession caused by the pandemic faster than other nations. And the United States will probably rely on economic activity in Asia to help prop up its own economy.

    At least 4,193 workers at 115 meatpacking plants in the United States have been infected with the virus, according to a report released Friday by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

    Twenty of those workers have died, the report said. And the data almost certainly understates the scale of the problem, because not all states with infections at meat plants have reported figures to the C.D.C.

    In total, the meat and poultry processing industry employs about half a million people, many of whom work in cramped conditions in slaughterhouses where social distancing is practically impossible. Over the last month, dozens of meatpacking plants have been forced to close because of outbreaks, straining the country’s meat supply.

    This week, the president issued an executive order that gave officials at the Department of Agriculture the authority to take some limited actions to keep plants running, even when local authorities call for them to close.

    The C.D.C. report also lays out recommendations for meatpacking plants to keep workers safe, like installing barriers between workers and requiring face covering.

    U.S. stocks fell on Friday as investors reacted to signs of growing tensions between China and the United States as well as earnings reports by Apple and Amazon that showed the depth of the pandemic’s impact on big business.

    Amazon shares dropped by more than 7 percent. Despite the delivery and web-services giant reporting surging sales in the first quarter, investors focused on the rising costs of delivering products amid the health crisis. Jeff Bezos, the company’s founder, said the expense of protecting workers, including providing protective equipment and Covid-19 tests, could swing the company to a loss of as much as $1.5 billion in the current quarter.

    Apple stock dipped, after the company refused on Thursday to give any estimates for the current quarter. But the tech giant signaled confidence by announcing another big stock buyback, and said that its first-quarter revenue rose nearly 1 percent to $58.3 billion, despite lockdowns in China, where it assembles nearly all of its products.

    Investors also grew leery of signs of returning tensions between the Trump administration and China. In recent days, the Trump administration has ratcheted up its rhetoric blaming China for the spread of the pandemic. On Thursday, the president speculated that a Chinese laboratory could have released the virus.

    “The China issue is definitely playing a large role today,” Matthew J. Maley with Miller Tabak, a trading and asset management firm, wrote in an email.

    Shaken by economic hardship, health fears and uncertainty about when campuses will reopen, a large number of high school seniors appear to be putting off a decision about where to go to college in the fall — or whether to go at all.

    College admissions officers are reluctant to admit weakness, meaning there is little hard data at this point. But there are clear signs of concern about plummeting enrollment and lost revenue. Of some 700 universities with a May 1 acceptance deadline, which include many of the country’s most competitive, about half have already given students an extra month to decide, said Marie Bigham, founder of Accept, a college admissions reform group.

    Many students said they did not want to make a decision about the fall until they know for sure whether campuses will reopen. Johnny Kennevan, a senior at Seneca High School in Tabernacle, N.J., was recruited to play basketball at York College in Pennsylvania. But his plans would most likely change if the campus is still closed, he said.

    “It doesn’t make sense to pay 20 grand to sit at my computer at home and take online courses,” he said. “You can get the same education from a community college.”

    Some schools are waiving deposit requirements, particularly for foreign students, who are especially valuable to universities because most pay full tuition. And experts say that the number of wait-listed students who are now getting offers shows that even some of the most selective schools are acting more aggressively to fill freshman classes.

    “People are coming off wait lists all over the place right now,” said Debra Felix, a former admissions director at Columbia University who now runs her own student advising service.

    Since mid-March, when colleges abruptly shut down campus operations and moved to online learning, schools have announced hundreds of millions of dollars in losses and say that a $14 billion federal aid package will not be nearly enough to keep struggling schools afloat. Executives have taken pay cuts, endowments have shrunk, hiring has been frozen and construction projects have stopped.

    But experts say that is only the beginning if schools cannot persuade students to return in the fall, when many campuses are bracing for the possibility that online learning could continue.

    Across the country this week, Americans whose governors said it was time to get back to work wrestled with what felt like an impossible choice.

    If they go back to work, will they get sick and infect their families? If they refuse, will they lose their jobs? What if they work on tips and there are no customers? If they are businesses owners, will there be enough work to rehire employees?

    When Maine announced this week that hair salons could reopen, Sarah Kyllonen, a stylist in Lewiston, stayed up late wondering what to do, feeling overwhelmed.

    The virus still scared her. It seemed too soon to open up. Then again, her bills had not stopped and her unemployment benefits had not started, and she was starting to worry about next month’s rent. “It’s an extremely hard decision for all of us,” she said. “I want to go back to work. I want to have the money. I want to see people. But it’s hard because I’m worried about the virus coming back around.”

    Hundreds of protesters converged on the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield and in downtown Chicago on Friday, demanding that Gov. J.B. Pritzker lift the stay-at-home order that he extended until May 29.

    At the Capitol, demonstrators crowded beneath a statue of Abraham Lincoln and chanted, “Open Illinois!” Most did not have face coverings, and some wore “Make America Great Again” hats.

    The protest came on the heels of a similar demonstration in Michigan on Thursday: Hundreds of people, some of them armed, converged on the State Capitol in Lansing to protest the stay-at-home orders put in place by Gov. Gretchen Whitmer.

    In Louisiana, Gov. John Bel Edwards’s decision to extend a stay-at-home order has also been met with an upswell of outrage. And in California, hundreds of people gathered in Huntington Beach on Friday to protest against Gov. Gavin Newsom’s directive to close beaches in Orange County.

    Officials across the country are trying to strike a balance between prioritizing public health and stanching the economic devastation. In some states, the divide has become starkly partisan and increasingly rancorous.

    Michigan, Louisiana, California and Illinois are all run by Democratic governors who have recently moved to extend stay-at-home orders. All have faced pushback from Republican state officials, and protests against their orders have doubled as rallies for conservative causes.

    “The people of Louisiana are about to revolt,” said Danny McCormick, a Republican state representative who organized a rally scheduled for Saturday outside of the governor’s mansion. Some lawmakers there have been plotting to overturn the governor’s order, potentially leaving Louisiana as the only state in the nation without an emergency declaration in place.

    “That would just be completely irresponsible and nonsensical,” Mr. Edwards said at a news conference on Thursday, “to be the only state in the nation without an emergency declaration in place for the public health emergency of Covid-19.”

    In Illinois, James Marter, a Republican running for Congress, spoke at the rally in Springfield and decried that liquor stores and marijuana shops remained open, and that abortions continued. “We the people, are losing our freedoms everyday at a blinding speed,” he said according to a video that was briefly posted on Facebook by one of the rally’s organizers.

    And in California, Mr. Newsom, who moved to shut down the beaches in Orange County after they drew large crowds, is facing resistance to some of his measures. A crowd gathered again at Huntington Beach on Friday, and videos showed hundreds of people demonstrating, mostly without masks, and waving American flags while chanting “No More Newsom.”

    The Huntington Beach City Council voted Thursday night to sue the state over the beach ban, and the City Council in nearby Newport Beach appeared poised to follow, according to local media reports.

    Polls show that a majority of Americans support social distancing measures, and some lonely demonstrators are trying to prove that point.

    A lawyer in Florida, Daniel W. Uhlfelder, tried to sue Gov. Ron DeSantis, a Republican, to demand statewide beach closures. He said he was planning to tour beaches in the Panhandle in a Grim Reaper costume to draw attention to the risk of the virus and warn people away from the beaches there.

    “It’s going to be a public health disaster,” Mr. Uhlfelder said. “It’s going to be a magnet.”

    Los Angeles has become the largest city in the country to offer free testing to anyone, regardless of symptoms, a significant ramping up of testing that officials in California have said is required to take even tentative steps to open the economy.

    On Thursday, the first day of free testing for all in Los Angeles, nearly 10,000 people were tested, about three times the previous day. Mayor Eric M. Garcetti announced that any of Los Angeles County’s 12 million residents could get a free test at any of the city’s testing sites, though county health officials are still advising testing be limited to those with symptoms and the most vulnerable.

    Mr. Garcetti said the city had hundreds of thousands of test kits on hand and would be buying more.

    “You don’t have to wonder if that cough is Covid,” he said Thursday at a news conference. “You don’t have to wonder if you were exposed to somebody you know had or you think had Covid. You can go get tested now.”

    Some states are starting to lift restrictions put in place to curb the coronavirus pandemic, while others are extending orders to stay home.

    Before the outbreak, Dr. Lindy Fox, a dermatologist in San Francisco, used to see four or five patients a year with chilblains — painful red or purple lesions that typically emerge on fingers or toes in the winter. Over the past few weeks, she has seen dozens.

    “All of a sudden, we are inundated with toes,” Dr. Fox said. “I’ve got clinics filled with people coming in with new toe lesions.”

    The lesions are emerging as yet another telltale symptom of infection with the virus. The most prominent signs are a dry cough and shortness of breath, but the virus has been linked to unusual and diverse effects, like mental confusion and a diminished sense of smell.

    Most cases have been reported in children, teens and young adults. Scientists are just beginning to study the phenomenon, but so far chilblain-like lesions appear to signal a mild or even asymptomatic infection. They may also develop several weeks after the acute phase of an infection is over.

    It is unclear why the new virus might cause chilblain-like lesions. One hypothesis is that they are caused by inflammation, a prominent feature of Covid-19.

    The new Saturday night: With billions of people staying home, the world is reinventing the weekend.

    Maybe you started this lockdown with good intentions to stay active. It’s possible those promises have slipped away. But take heart: It doesn’t take much — no more than four seconds — to get your metabolism going. Here’s how a short burst of activity can help you, and more exercise tips to keep you motivated to move.

    Reporting was contributed by Alan Blinder, Eileen Sullivan, Michael Cooper, Sarah Mervosh, John Eligon, Sheri Fink, Manny Fernandez, Alan Feuer, Jacey Fortin, Mike Baker, Richard Fausset, Dionne Searcey, Simon Romero, Eliza Shapiro, Andy Newman, Matthew Haag, Conor Dougherty, Thomas Fuller, Shawn Hubler, Annie Karni, John Koblin, Patricia Mazzei, Marc Santora, Emily Cochrane, William K. Rashbaum, Maria Cramer, Sabrina Tavernise, Nicholas Bogel-Burroughs, Nelson D. Schwartz, Rick Rojas, Roni Caryn Rabin, Tiffany Hsu and Patricia Cohen.

    If you’ve been exposed to the coronavirus or think you have, and have a fever or symptoms like a cough or difficulty breathing, call a doctor. They should give you advice on whether you should be tested, how to get tested, and how to seek medical treatment without potentially infecting or exposing others.

    This is a difficult question, because a lot depends on how well the virus is contained. A better question might be: “How will we know when to reopen the country?” In an American Enterprise Institute report, Scott Gottlieb, Caitlin Rivers, Mark B. McClellan, Lauren Silvis and Crystal Watson staked out four goal posts for recovery: Hospitals in the state must be able to safely treat all patients requiring hospitalization, without resorting to crisis standards of care; the state needs to be able to at least test everyone who has symptoms; the state is able to conduct monitoring of confirmed cases and contacts; and there must be a sustained reduction in cases for at least 14 days.

    The Times Neediest Cases Fund has started a special campaign to help those who have been affected, which accepts donations here. Charity Navigator, which evaluates charities using a numbers-based system, has a running list of nonprofits working in communities affected by the outbreak. You can give blood through the American Red Cross, and World Central Kitchen has stepped in to distribute meals in major cities. More than 30,000 coronavirus-related GoFundMe fund-raisers have started in the past few weeks. (The sheer number of fund-raisers means more of them are likely to fail to meet their goal, though.)

    The C.D.C. has recommended that all Americans wear cloth masks if they go out in public. This is a shift in federal guidance reflecting new concerns that the coronavirus is being spread by infected people who have no symptoms. Until now, the C.D.C., like the W.H.O., has advised that ordinary people don’t need to wear masks unless they are sick and coughing. Part of the reason was to preserve medical-grade masks for health care workers who desperately need them at a time when they are in continuously short supply. Masks don’t replace hand washing and social distancing.

    If you’re sick and you think you’ve been exposed to the new coronavirus, the C.D.C. recommends that you call your healthcare provider and explain your symptoms and fears. They will decide if you need to be tested. Keep in mind that there’s a chance — because of a lack of testing kits or because you’re asymptomatic, for instance — you won’t be able to get tested.

    It seems to spread very easily from person to person, especially in homes, hospitals and other confined spaces. The pathogen can be carried on tiny respiratory droplets that fall as they are coughed or sneezed out. It may also be transmitted when we touch a contaminated surface and then touch our face.

    No. Clinical trials are underway in the United States, China and Europe. But American officials and pharmaceutical executives have said that a vaccine remains at least 12 to 18 months away.

    Unlike the flu, there is no known treatment or vaccine, and little is known about this particular virus so far. It seems to be more lethal than the flu, but the numbers are still uncertain. And it hits the elderly and those with underlying conditions — not just those with respiratory diseases — particularly hard.

    If the family member doesn’t need hospitalization and can be cared for at home, you should help him or her with basic needs and monitor the symptoms, while also keeping as much distance as possible, according to guidelines issued by the C.D.C. If there’s space, the sick family member should stay in a separate room and use a separate bathroom. If masks are available, both the sick person and the caregiver should wear them when the caregiver enters the room. Make sure not to share any dishes or other household items and to regularly clean surfaces like counters, doorknobs, toilets and tables. Don’t forget to wash your hands frequently.

    Plan two weeks of meals if possible. But people should not hoard food or supplies. Despite the empty shelves, the supply chain remains strong. And remember to wipe the handle of the grocery cart with a disinfecting wipe and wash your hands as soon as you get home.

    Yes, but make sure you keep six feet of distance between you and people who don’t live in your home. Even if you just hang out in a park, rather than go for a jog or a walk, getting some fresh air, and hopefully sunshine, is a good idea.

    That’s not a good idea. Even if you’re retired, having a balanced portfolio of stocks and bonds so that your money keeps up with inflation, or even grows, makes sense. But retirees may want to think about having enough cash set aside for a year’s worth of living expenses and big payments needed over the next five years.

    Watching your balance go up and down can be scary. You may be wondering if you should decrease your contributions — don’t! If your employer matches any part of your contributions, make sure you’re at least saving as much as you can to get that “free money.”


    Actu monde – ZA – Coronavirus Live Updates: F.D.A. Issues Emergency Approval for Virus Drug as More States Reopen




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